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All About Cellulitis - The Skin Infection
Cellulites is a bacterial infection of the skin. Cellulites generally affects only one limb, but it can also affect other parts of the body. The skin may become red, swell, warm and have other clinical features. Cellulites may create complications if left untreated. Therefore it is necessary, that we find out more about what is cellulitis.
Some of the symptoms are as follows. Cellulites commonly affects one limb. The skin appears red with swelling and blisters may form. The affected limb becomes tender. There is a feeling of warmth on the affected site. Abscesses may also form on the affected site and the lymph glands may swell to drain the infection. Fever may also develop with cellulitis.
A bacterial infection causes cellulitis. Streptococcus pyogenes causes most of the cellulitis. Staphylococcus aureus also causes many cases of cellulitis. These are bacteria that attack the skin and cause inflammation and swelling.
The bacteria normally cause more trouble to those, who are weak and vulnerable for various reasons. Diabetics have lesser immunity than others. Diabetics may form chronic ulcers of the feet and these ulcers are vulnerable to bacteria entry.
Some people may be on immune suppressant drugs for some diseases. Their immune system gets suppressed and bacteria can easily flourish if they find an entry in such people. Many diseases such as AIDS, etc. also suppress the immunity and make the person more vulnerable to bacterial attack. If you have a healthy immune system, your body can easily fight the bacterial infection. As your defense becomes weak, the bacteria find it easy to attack you. The same is true with aged people, because their blood circulation becomes poor and the body is unable to send the required number of white blood cells to all parts of the body.
If you have chronic problems such as athlete's feet, bacteria find it easy to enter the body via the cracked and peeling skin.
The face and lower legs are common places affected by cellulitis, but note that any part of the body can get affected. Many complications may arise with cellulitis.
If the infection enters the deeper layers of the body issue, it can cause serious complications. Once the bacteria enter the deeper layers, it spreads rapidly in the body. By entering the blood stream and the lymph nodes, the bacteria causes big harm to the body. The major complications of unchecked cellulitis can be meningitis (if cellulitis is on the face), sepsis, gangrene, etc.
Topical and oral antibiotics are commonly used to treat the early cases of cellulites at home. If the infection is severe, hospitalization is recommended and intravenous antibiotics are administered.
If you are susceptible to frequent cellulites or are immune depressed, take care to prevent it.
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