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How Does A Reverse Mortgage Work? Steps To Getting A Reverse Mortgage
Homeowner learns about reverse mortgages from a news article, advertisement, word of mouth etc.
2. Upfront Education
Homeowner contacts a reverse mortgage lender to learn more about reverse mortgage programs. Request a reverse mortgage calculator or complete free, no obligation analysis from Kaye Financial.
Homeowners seek counseling from a local HUD approved counseling agency, or a national counseling agency, such as AARP (800-209-8085) Money Management International (MMI, 877-908-2227) or National Foundation for Credit Counseling (866-698-6322). Counseling is required for all reverse mortgages and is conducted by telephone.
By law a counselor must review (1) options other than a reverse mortgage that may be available to the prospective borrower, including housing, social services, health and financial alternatives (2) other home equity conversion options that are or may become available to the prospective borrowers such as property tax deferrals (3) the financial implications of entering into a reverse mortgage and (4) the tax consequences affecting the borrower’s eligibility under state of federal programs and the impact on the estate for his or her heirs.
Homeowner fills out a loan application and selects a payment plan, whether fixed monthly payments, lump sum payment, line of credit, or a combination of these. Lender discloses to homeowner the estimated total cost of the loan as required by the federal truth in Lending act. Homeowner provides lender with required information, including verification of Social Security number, copy of deed to home, information on any existing mortgage(s) and counseling certificate.
Lender orders an appraisal, which the homeowners pays for, to place a value on the home. The appraiser makes sure the physical condition of the property meets the FHA guidelines. If any structural defects are found, the homeowner must hire a contractor to complete the repairs after the reverse mortgage closes.
After receiving all pertinent information and data, lender finalizes loan parameters with home owner (i.e., determining payment option, frequency of loan interest rate adjustments) and submits loan package for final approval. It can take anywhere from 4-8 weeks (sometimes sooner, sometimes longer) to underwrite a loan package.
If the loan package is approved, closing (signing) of loan is scheduled. Interest rates are calculated. Closing papers and final figures are prepared. Closing costs are normally financed as part of the loan. Lender or title company has homeowner sign the loan papers.
Homeowner has three business days after signing papers in which to cancel the loan. Upon expiration of this period, the loan funds are disbursed. Homeowner accesses the funds in the form of payment option selected. Any existing debt on the home is paid off. A new lien is laced on the home. The homeowner may use the loan proceeds for any purpose. The loan “servicer” manages the account and is responsible for disbursing monthly payments to the homeowner (if this option is chosen), advancing line of credit funds upon request, collecting any repayments on the line of credit, and sending periodic statements.
Homeowner doesn’t make any monthly payments during the life of the loan. The loan is repaid when the homeowner ceases to occupy the home as a principal residence. The loan may be repaid by the homeowner or the heirs/estate, with or without a sale of the home. The repayment obligation cannot exceed the home’s value or sales price.
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